These Roman churches, symbols of a rich history...

Andorra's Romanesque churches were built between the 11th and 12th centuries, a period of intense activity from a historical point of view, linked to the subordination of the bishopric and the County of Urgell in the 9th-10th centuries, and the struggles for sovereignty in the 11th and 13th centuries.
In the field of Art, this effervescence has been translated into a great artistic creativity whose works currently represent the bulk of the heritage.
We can speak of Italian influences in the circular bell towers (Santa Coloma and Sant Vicens d'Enclar). Their origin is linked to the example of the "campanili" and to the external arrangement of the wall by means of Lombard strips and blind arcatures typical of the 12th century.
Byzantine reminiscences are also present in the mural painting (Sant Esteve d'Andorra la Vella) and the panel painting (Sant Romà de Vila).
What most of these churches have in common is that they are small in size with sober ornamentation. This is in accordance with the aesthetic precepts of conceptual, abstract and totally spiritual art, universally established by the Romanesque.


Inside, converge pictorial figurations that praise the divinity, whose chromatic range is rich (created by anonymous masters, disciples of the great Catalan medieval painters), to which are added magnificent imagery, furniture and liturgical objects.
The functional and simple character of these constructions are characteristics that will endure over the centuries and go beyond the limits of the medieval period. Most of these churches are built on earlier places of worship related to ancient, Roman or pre-Roman times.

 

 


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Pyrénées entre Aneto et Canigou : La mosaïque des traversées

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Un haut balcon de Garonne au Roussillon, entre Ariège et Catalogne, sans oublier l'Andorre et ses églises romanes, Thierry Guinhut, marcheur, écrivain et photographe, saisit la beauté polymorphe des Pyrénées de l'Est, moins prestigieuses sans doute que celles situées plus à l'Ouest, et pourtant prodigieusement variées, offrant comme une revanche à ces montagnes parfois méconnues. Avec 400 photographies, souvent grandioses, sinon à la limite de la pure abstraction, toujours précisément commentées, nous marchons parmi les grands monuments naturels, mais aussi à la découverte de sites plus intimes.

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